(of vocabulary) - frequently occur with another word. E.g., freezing collocates with cold.
Common European Framework of Reference
All nouns that are not proper nouns.
See Communicative Language Teaching.
It is the ability to successfully communicate and understand messages in the target language.
Communicative Language Teaching
Communicative Approach or Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) . CLT had become mainstream by the 1980s and remains the
approach that most syllabuses claim to follow today. CLT sees that the
primary goal of language teaching and learning is communicative competence:
the ability to successfully communicate and understand messages in the
target language. Grammatical accuracy is seen as less important than the
successful communication of meaning. This approach believes that grammatical competence will be acquired through use of the language for communicative purposes.
Community Language Learning
Community Language Learning (CLL) is a teaching method developed byCharles Curran, a professor of psychology and a counsellor.
Essentially, the method consists of using psychological counselling
techniques in the language classroom. The teacher is referred to as the 'knower'. The knower's
role is to assist the learners to articulate what they want to say in
L2. When an individual student is ready to say something, s/he says it
to the knower in L1 and the knower translates the message into L2.
Comparative are grammatical forms used to express comparisons. Most commonly, this is adjective+er+than. E.g., My brother is taller than my mother. For some adjectives, more and less are used instead of -er. E.g, This city is more beautiful than my home town. (See Units 4 and 7).
"(Not) as...as " is another common comparative form: My mother isn't as tall as my brother.
Competency Based Language Teaching