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First Certificate in English
first language acquisition
Fluency in language is the ability to communicate freely and
confidently. A fluent speaker is not necessarily accurate.
Classroom (or homework) activities whose main focus is on using the language to communicate effectively and confidently. Compare with accuracy-based activities.
In language learning, the 'four skills' are reading, listening, speaking and writing.
Reading and listening are receptive skills.
Speaking and writing are productive skills.
Freer practice is the 'production' part of a new language lesson when students practise using the target language (TL) in a semi-authentic way. (See also controlled or restricted practice.)
An adverb which indicates how frequently an event or action occurs. e.g. Sometimes, often, usually, always, never.
A consonant formed by partially restricting the flow of air, so there is a kind of friction. (e.g., /s/ and /v/)
Fricatives are also called continuants. They are consonants which are formed through friction (e.g, /f/ and /z/) - the flow of air is partially restricted, but not stopped completely. You can continue saying them until you run out of breath. The second line of consonants in the IPA chart are fricatives.