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First language - also referred to as primary language, native language and mother tongue.
Second Language. It is any language that a person knows aside from his/her first language.
See second language
These are the sounds formed by placing the bottom lip against the top teeth (/f/ and /v/).
Language Acquisition Device - see innatist theory.
You are on one!
It is a student's preferred way of learning, e.g, visual, auditory, kinaesthetic. It also refers to the conditions in which an individual is most likely to learn effectively.
Lexical approaches to
language teaching emphasise the importance of vocabulary in language
learning. A lexical syllabus is organised according to the vocabulary
that is to be taught rather than the grammar or the functions. A large proportion of the language we produce
seems to be memorised 'chunks of language', rather than original
creations generated through combining our grammatical and lexical
knowledge. Examples are the _____er, the
_________er (as in the bigger, the better), you must be joking, to cut a long story short.
These 'pre-fabricated chunks' are given various names such as lexical phrases, holophrases, gambits and lexicalised stems. What they are called does not really matter, but it is very useful for the language teacher to recognise and teach these chunks.