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A method of language teaching developed in USA in the first half of the 20th Century. See Unit 8 for detail.
Annoying and pretentious term used in language teaching. It just means real objects.
See four skills.
See productive vocabulary.
When 'where, when and why' are used to link clauses, they are classed as relative adverbs.
E.g., This is the house where I was born.
It was beautiful early spring when we met.
I don't really know why I said that.
A subordinate clause that describes a noun. Defining relative clauses specify who or what is referred to.
Examples: That's the man who was rude to my mother.
This is the dress which I bought yesterday.
John's the bloke that she used to be married to.
It was the squirrel they had seen on the roof.
Non-defining relative clauses are enclosed by commas and just give additional information.
Examples: The children, who were really enjoying themselves, didn't want to leave the party.
The question of Brexit, which no one seemed able to solve, was in the news again.
Non-defining relative clauses always require a relative pronoun.
That, which, who, whom and whose are considered relative pronouns when they are used to introduce a relative clause.
That's the man who was rude to my mother.
Can anyone tell me whose coat this is?
She turned off the news, which was depressing.
If a relative pronoun in a defining relative clause refers to the object of the main clause, it can be omitted:
John's the bloke (that/who) she used to be married to.
It was the squirrel (that/which) they had seen on the roof.
This is the dress (that/which) I bought yesterday.
In testing, reliability means that a test effectively measures what it is intended to measure.
See controlled practice.
The verb to revise has two meanings
form of the verb to revise, which
has two meanings
See word family.
RP stands for Received Pronunciation - a particular British English accent. Being sometimes also called BBC English or Oxford English, RP is a class accent rather than a regional accent and is associated with higher social classes and educated speakers. The 'standard' pronunciation given in British English dictionaries is RP, and British English language teaching course books present (mainly) this accent. It is often erroneously regarded as more 'correct' than other accents.
It is also called team dictation. It is a dictation activity in which the class is divided into teams, and the dictation is done as a race. Team members take it in turns to run up to a text, read a section of it, run back and dictate it to another student who is acting as the 'scribe'. The next team member then runs to read the next section.